Throughout the UK's history there has been several waves of emigration. Emigration
occurs for many reasons - for some people they might have been fleeing religious
persecution, simply seeking a better life or have been transported against their
Key Emmigration Dates to America
Emmigration to the Americas started in 1585, but the first
successful settlement was established at Jamestown in 1607.
In 1620 the "Mayflower" arrived from Plymouth carrying, amongst
others, Puritan refugees.
Thousands of emigrants went to work on the tobacco plantations of Virginia.
Emigrants were granted 50 acres of land, but the land went to whoever paid
the fair, so most traveled as indentured servants of plantation owners who
were able to claim their servants' land.
Scots started to emigrate in large numbers from 1710, three
years after the Act of Union.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, men, women and children from
England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland were sentenced to transportation. Sentences
were usually for 7 or 14 years, but many never returned to their homeland.
Millions of people from England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland continued to
emigrate to the United States in the 19th and 20th centuries until US immigration
controls were tightened in 1918.
More than a million people left Irelandfor North America
as a result of the Great Famine in the period 1845-1851.